Entries in the category Uro / Auerochs, see navigation bar above, “Blog” button,  from it go to: “Uro” section. WEB presentation of the section: http://www.wildspain.org/uro


Main entities of trackers that cooperate with WildEurope Platform in the Uro section:


“Our ancestors learned to respect the auroch, and immortalized them in pre-historic cave paintings.(…) Auroch genes remain present in various breeds of cattle around the continent, and the team identified descendants in Spain, Portugal, Italy and the Balkans.” (By Kieron Monks in: https://edition.cnn.com/2017/01/09/world/auroch-rewilding/index.html

  • Sayaguesa cattle, is an ancient, aurochs-like cattle breed from Sayago in the province of Zamora in the Spanish autonomous community of Castile and Len. Large breed, robust, with long horns and hair descended from the European uro (Bos taurus primigenius). Its small number is in the Zamora region of Sayago, although it begins to be exploited extensively in neighboring provinces.
    Population: 1.650, with 28 farmers. Number of births per year: 1.000.
  1. https://www.mapama.gob.es/es/ganaderia/temas/zootecnia/razas-ganaderas/razas/catalogo/peligro-extincion/bovino/sayaguesa/iframe-ejemplo-arca.aspx
  2. www.razasayaguesa.org
  • Pajuna, is a rare Spanish cattle breed, originating in Andalusia, which resembles the extinct aurochs, the wild ancestor of domestic cattle, in certain features. Some researchers consider the offspring of Bos taurus primigenius; while others argue that it comes from the Iberian trunk. The Pajuna race is dispersed by different mountain areas of the Andalusian geography. Mainly, in Sierra Nevada, Serrania de Ronda, Sierra de Grazalema and Sierra de Cazorla.
    Population: 941, with 24 farmers. Number of births per year: 269.
    Asociación de Criadores de Ganado Vacuno de Raza Pajuna
    Avda Humberto Meermans nº7, Alquife CP: 18518 – Granada.
    E-mail.:  secretariopajuna@gmail.com
  1. https://www.mapama.gob.es/es/ganaderia/temas/zootecnia/razas-ganaderas/razas/catalogo/peligro-extincion/bovino/pajuna/iframe-ejemplo-arca.aspx
  2. http://www.razapajuna.es/
  • Limia, is a primitive cattle breed from the Province of Ourense in Galicia in northwest Spain, which in some features resembles the extinct aurochs. Pajuna is a rare Spanish cattle breed, originating in Andalusia, which resembles the extinct aurochs, the wild ancestor of domestic cattle, in certain features.
    Population: 1.141. with 39 farmers. Number of births per year: 326.
    Asociación de Criadores da Raza Bovina Limiá – LIMIAGA.
    Dirección: Pazo de Fontefiz s/n 32152 Coles (Ourense)
    Tef: 634 54 86 00
    e-mail: limia@boaga.es
    web: http://www.boaga.es/limiaga/logo-100×100/que-es/
  • Tudanca, is a primitive breed of cattle from Cantabria, Spain, which resembles the wild ancestor of cattle, the extinct aurochs in several respects.
    Population: 13.650, with 436 farmers. Number of births per year: 2.861.
  • Toro bravo, spanish fighting bull, is an Iberian heterogeneous cattle population created from autochthonous cattle that had in the peninsular Spain of centuries XVI to the XVIII, that initially constitute the so-called founding castes (Morucha Castellana, Jijona-Bulls, Navarre, Cabrera, Gallardo, Vistahermosa and Vazqueña), and is selected exclusively for bullfighting shows following different criteria. Molecular genetic studies show that this breed maintains a greater genetic richness than most European bovine breeds, being more similar to those found in the Middle East domestication center than to European populations. An African footprint present in many encastes of the Lydia race is detected, which also appears in remains of peninsular uros more than 3,000 years old.
    Population: 201.195. with 934 farmers. Number of births per year: 39.100.
    Agrupación Española de Ganaderos de Reses Bravas. Dirección: C/ Camino Viejo de Leganés, 166 28025 Madrid Teléfono +34 91 461 99 70 E-mail: info@resesbravas.com
    1. https://www.mapama.gob.es/es/ganaderia/temas/zootecnia/razas-ganaderas/razas/catalogo/autoctona-fomento/bovino/lidia/iframe-ejemplo-arca.aspx
    2. http://resesbravas.com/
  • Maronesa, is a primitive cattle breed from the Tras-os-Montes region, in Portugal, which closely resembles the extinct aurochs, the wild ancestor of domestic cattle, in several features.
    Population: xx. with xx farmers. Number of births per year: xx.
  • Cachena. The main area of origin and geographical dispersion of the breed is located in the mountainous areas of the municipalities included in the Baixa Limia-Sierra del Xurés natural park, in the province of Ourense, and in the mountainous foothills of the Peneda Portuguese National Park –  Gerês.
    Population: 4.549. with 150 farmers. Number of births per year: 1.511.
    1. http://www.boaga.es/cachena/logo-100×100/que-es/
    2. https://www.mapama.gob.es/es/ganaderia/temas/zootecnia/razas-ganaderas/razas/catalogo/peligro-extincion/bovino/cachena/iframe-ejemplo-arca.aspx
  • Marismeña, or Mostrenca. Ancient nucleus of native cattle in to the Doñana National Park, framed in the Guadalquivir Marshes of the Southwest of the Iberian Peninsula. Of unknown phylogenetic origin, although it is supposed to be linked to the first forms derived from wild Uro, diversified in Bos taurus primigenius and this one in Bos taurus macroceros. From the last one the Bos taurus tartesus was formed, which is the direct ancestral form of the race.
    Population: 3.128. with 77 farmers. Number of births per year: 791. https://www.mapama.gob.es/es/ganaderia/temas/zootecnia/razas-ganaderas/razas/catalogo/peligro-extincion/bovino/marismena/iframe-ejemplo-arca.aspx






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